The Newbery medal is given to the author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children. The award has been given since 1922, and it was the first children's literary award in the world. The award was named for John Newbery, an 18th century English publisher of juvenile books. The winner of the award is announced every year in January. In addition to the Newbery medal, extra citations referred to as the Newbery Honor are given to praiseworthy runners-up. To be considered for the Newbery Medal award, a book must be published the previous year in English and in the United States. The author must be a citizen or a resident of the United States. Also, the book must contribute to literature, stand alone, and relate to a child audience. Finally, the book must be judged on its characters, plot, presentation, setting, style, and theme.
Caldecott Medal and Honor Awards
The Caldecott medal is given each year to the artist of the most distinguished children’s American picture book. The award was named for 19th century English illustrator, Randolph Caldecott and was first presented in 1938. In addition to the Caldecott medal, extra citations referred to as the Caldecott Honor are given to exemplary runners-up. To be considered for the Caldecott Medal award, a book must be published in English in the United States during the preceding year, and the artist must be a citizen or resident of the United States. The illustrations must be the artist’s original work, and the book must exhibit admiration for children's understanding, talents, and appreciations. Additionally, the book must meet several artistic requirements.